- Diagnosis Guide
- Foot Lumps
- Lump Side Of Foot
Written By: Chloe WilsonBSc(Hons) Physiotherapy
Reviewed By:FPE Medical Review Board
A lump on the side of the foot is a common problem and can be quite worrying, but in most cases, it’s nothing serious.
There are lots of different things that can cause lumps and bumps on the side of the foot.
There may be a problem with one of the foot bones, a build-up of fluid, inflammation from over-use or a benign growth.
It is very uncommon for a foot lump to be cancerous but any new growth should always be evaluated by your doctor.
Here we are going to look at the different causes of a lump on the side of the foot and how to identify which one you have. We will then go on to look at the best ways to treat them. If you are more bothered by pain than swelling, check out the Side Foot Pain article.
What Causes a Side Of Foot Lump?
A lump on the side of the foot may be caused by:
- Bone Damage: a hard lump on the side of the foot may indicate a problem with one of the foot bones e.g. fracture, bunion, cuboid syndrome, accessory navicular or a bone spur
- Excess Fluid: a build-up of fluid can collect and form a soft side of foot lump e.g. ganglion cyst, papules or sebaceous cyst
- Benign Growth: a non-cancerous growth of tissues may form firm nodules under the skin e.g. plantar fibroma
- Medical Conditions: certain medical conditions can result in a lump on the side of the foot e.g. gout or arthritis
- Overuse: repetitive overuse of the foot can result in swelling and a soft bump on the side of the foot e.g. tendonitis
Each of these causes of a side of foot lump will present slightly differently and require different treatment. So let’s start by looking at the nine most common causes of lumps on the side of the foot and then we’ll go on to look at the more unusual ones.
The most common cause of a hard lump on the side of the foot is a bunion. Bunions can occur at the:
- Big Toe: most common site for bunions, aka Hallux Valgus. Causes a lump on big toe
- Little Toe: less common, aka bunionette or Tailor’s Bunion. Causes lump by little toe
With a hallux valgus, the big toe shifts out of position, slowly deviating towards the second toe. As the tip of the toe moves inwards, the base of the big toe shifts outwards causing a hard bump on the side of the foot. If you have a lump on your big toe, chances are it’s a bunion!
With a Tailor’s Bunion, the tip of the little toe shifts inwards towards the fourth toe and the base of the little toe shifts outwards, resulting in a hard lump on the outside of the foot. If you have a lump by your little toe, it’s most likely a bunionette!
Over time, as the toe shifts over further, the side of foot lump becomes more prominent and may start to rub on your shoe.
Common foot bunion symptoms include:
- Redness: and inflammation over the bunion from friction on footwear
- Hard Lump: on side of foot
- Toe Deviation: the toe gradually shifts further over and may end up crossing over the top of the neighbouring toe
- Pain: tends to get worse the further the toe deviates
- Stiffness: in the affected toe
Bunions are typically caused by wearing tight, narrow shoes, particularly if they have a high heel. There is also thought to be a genetic link so if someone in your family has bunions, you are more likely to develop one.
The sooner you start treating a bunion lump on the side of the foot, the better as the deviation gets harder to correct the greater it is.
You can find out more about this common cause of side of foot lumps and how to treat them in the Foot Bunions section.
2. Ganglion Cyst
Another common cause of a lump on the side of the foot is a ganglion cyst.
Ganglion cysts are small, fluid-filled pockets that form just below the skin. They can occur anywhere in the foot but are most common on the side or top of the foot.
What causes ganglion cysts to form is unknown but they are thought to be linked to repetitive micro-injuries (from friction or pressure) and arthritis. Ganglia are three times more common in women than men and are most common between the ages of 20-50.
A ganglion lump on the side of the foot is usually round or oval and can vary in size. Typically they are fairly small (pea-sized) but they can grow much larger. Ganglion foot lumps are usually soft but firm to touch rather than hard.
A lump on the side of the foot from a ganglion is not normally painful unless it starts to rub on your shoes or press on one of the surrounding nerves which can cause some tingling in your foot.
Painless ganglion lumps on the foot don’t need to be treated and may go away on their own over time. However, if the ganglion becomes painful or affects foot movement or daily activities such as walking, then treatment such as medication, splinting, aspiration or occasionally surgery may be recommended.
3. Foot Tendonitis
A bump on the side of the foot may be due to tendonitis – inflammation of one of the foot tendons. There tends to be more of a general swelling than a specific lump with tendonitis.
Tendonitis usually develops due to repetitive overuse, altered foot biomechanics, or an injury e.g. ankle sprain.
In the early stages of foot tendonitis, there is typically a sharp or burning pain where the tendon attaches to the foot bone, which is worse during activity. Over time, you may notice a soft bump on the side of the foot where the tendon has started to thicken.
Common types of tendonitis that can cause a lump on the side of the foot are:
- Peroneal Tendonitis: bump on outside of foot towards the ankle
- Posterior Tibial Tendonitis: bump on inside of the foot near the medial foot arch
There are lots of treatment options for foot tendonitis including ice, exercises and orthotics. You can find out more about how to treat a tendonitis bump on the side of the foot in the Foot Tendonitis section.
Another possible cause of a painful lump on the side of the foot is a fracture or break in one of the bones. The most common fractures to cause side foot bumps are:
- Jones Fracture: break in the 5th metatarsal. Typically caused by repetitive overuse or a sudden force through the outer side of the foot where the foot gets twisted away from the body. Particularly common in athletes and dancers. Results in a painful hard lump on side of foot.
- Stress Fracture: tiny cracks in one or more of the foot bones. Typically caused by overuse e.g. repetitive jumping or long distance running, or suddenly increasing activity levels. Pain gradually gets worse over time and there may be a tender bump on side of foot over the fracture site
Treatment for foot fractures will vary depending on the type, severity and location of the fracture but will usually include a combination of PRICE (protect, rest, ice, compression & elevation), medication and exercises. Surgery is only needed if there is significant pain, deformity or displacement of the bone.
You can find out more about the common causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention options in the Foot Fractures section.
5. Plantar Fibroma
A lump in the arch of the foot may be due to a plantar fibroma. A plantar fibroma is a benign (non-cancerous) growth where one or more nodules form around the plantar fascia.
Plantar fibromas are usually small (less than 1 inch) forming a firm bump in the arch of the foot. They may form in isolation or in clusters.
Plantar fibromas are twice as common in men as women and are thought to be linked to genetics. They are usually only painful when there is direct pressure through the fibroma foot lump.
There are a number of different options with treatment for plantar fibromas including injections, exercises, orthotics and surgery.
Plantar fibromas are the most common cause of a lump in the arch of the foot and you can find out more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options in the plantar fibromatosis section.
6. Piezogenic Papules
If you have lots of small lumps on the side of your foot around your heel, chances are they are piezogenic papules.
Piezogenic papules are soft, skin-coloured bumps that affect people who spend long periods on their feet, or people with connective tissue disorders e.g. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
Piezogenic papules develop when fatty tissue herniates through the dermis (inner layer of the skin) into the connective tissue around the heel, resulting in small bumps on the side of the foot.
They rarely cause any symptoms and are usually left untreated. Occasionally, piezogenic papules may press on nearby blood vessels or nerves in which case they can be treated with rest, orthotics, acupuncture, injections or occasionally surgery.
7. Gout Foot
Another common cause of a lump on the big toe that is painful, red and swollen is foot gout. Gout is caused by a build-up of uric acid crystals that collect in the big toe joint. Symptoms usually develop rapidly, often at night and can lead to intense pain in the big toe.
Uric acid is a natural product produced by the body when it breaks down certain chemicals, but problems arise when the kidneys aren’t able to filter it out quick enough. This leads to the formation of hard, spiky crystals in joints. Gout can affect any joint in the body but most commonly affects the big toe.
Recurrent bouts of gout are common without correct treatment and, over time, can lead to the formation of tophi - large, visible lumps of urate crystals that develop under the skin.
You can find out more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options in the Gout Foot section, as well as how to reduce the risk of recurrent episodes.
8. Accessory Naviculars
A hard lump inside the arch of the foot may be caused by an accessory navicular.
An accessory navicular is a congenital abnormality (meaning its present from birth) where there is an extra piece of bone or cartilage found in the medial foot arch.
The medical terms for an accessory navicular are an os navicularum or os tibiale externum.
In most cases, an accessory navicular goes completely unnoticed, not causing any symptoms. However, following an injury (e.g. ankle sprain), or chronic irritation (from repetitive friction or excessive activity) an accessory navicular can result in:
- Bony Prominence: hard lump on side of foot in the medial foot arch
- Redness & Swelling: around the foot lump
- Pain: and a throbbing sensation in the arch of the foot, particularly during activity
Asymptomatic cases of accessory naviculars don’t require any treatment. If however, the accessory lump on the side of your foot becomes painful, it can be treated with a combination of immobilization, ice, medication, physical therapy and orthotics. In severe cases, the accessory navicular may need to be surgically removed, however this is rare.
Skin lumps on the side of the foot are usually caused by corns or calluses.
- Corns: small, pale, yellow circular areas of hard, raised skin. May caused some discomfort
- Calluses: larger areas of thickened, hardened skin. Usually painless
Corns and calluses typically develop in response to repetitive friction or pressure on the skin e.g. from ill-fitting footwear.
There are lots of different treatment options for corn and callus lumps on the side of the foot including creams, chemicals, pumice stones and medications.
You can find out lots more about the causes, diagnosis and best treatment options in the section.
Rare Causes Of A Side Of Foot Bump
There are a few other less common causes of lumps on the side of the foot:
- Bursitis: inflammation of one of the small fluid-filled sacs that sit between soft tissues and bone to reduce friction – most common is heel bursitis
- Cuboid Syndrome: Dislocation of the cuboid bone which may cause a small hard lump at the side of the foot. If you have ongoing pain on the outer side of your foot after an ankle sprain, there’s a high chance it’s cuboid syndrome
- Lipoma: soft, fatty lumps that grow under the skin – more commonly found on top of foot but can occur on the side of the foot
- Sebaceous Cysts: small lumps caused by blocked glands or hair follicles
- Bone Spur: more commonly found around the heel, occasionally you can get a bone spur on the side of the foot which forms a hard lump
- Rheumatoid Nodules: if you have rheumatoid arthritis, there is a high chance the lump on the side of your foot is due to a build-up of inflammatory particles and fibrin which form firm nodules
- Tumor: Most lumps on the side of the foot are benign (non-cancerous) but any new lumps should be checked by your doctor, particularly if they are large, fast growing, irregularly shaped and increasingly painful
Lump On Side Of Foot Summary
There are lots of possible causes of foot lumps.
A lump on the side of the foot near your toes is most likely due to bunions, foot gout or corns/calluses.
A lump on the outside of the foot may be caused by peroneal tendonitis, jones fracture or cuboid syndrome.
A lump on the inside of the foot or in the medial arch may be caused by posterior tibial tendonitis, plantar fibroma or accessory navicular.
A lump on the side of the foot near the heel may be caused by heel bursitis, piezogenic papules or bone spur.
Lumps that can occur anywhere on the side of the foot may be caused by ganglion cysts, stress fractures, bursitis, lipoma, sebaceous cysts, rheumatoid nodules or cancer.
Treatment will depend on what is causing the lump on the side of your foot and you can find out more about the best treatment options by using the links above.
Page Last Updated: 09/20/22
Next Review Due: 09/20/24
Side Foot PainMay 17, 2022
Diagnosis ChartOctober 11, 2022
September 28, 2022
What causes a lump on the side of your foot? ›
A lump on the side of the foot near the heel may be caused by heel bursitis, piezogenic papules or bone spur. Lumps that can occur anywhere on the side of the foot may be caused by ganglion cysts, stress fractures, bursitis, lipoma, sebaceous cysts, rheumatoid nodules or cancer.What is the lump on the outer side of my foot? ›
A bunion is a bony bump that forms along the side of the foot. A tailor's bunion occurs when this bump is on the outside of the foot, at the base of the little toe. Tailor's bunions are also called bunionettes and are less common than regular bunions.How do you get rid of the bump on the side of my foot? ›
A molded insole or orthotic can help treat bumps caused by uneven weight distribution. This helps to remove the pressure from the balls of the feet. Orthotic insoles are available for purchase online. Foot orthotics may relieve pressure from the arch of the foot (plantar fascia) and help reduce the size of the nodules.Is it normal to have a lump on the side of your foot? ›
A lump on the side of the foot is a common complaint. While some causes are of serious concern, many causes are not. Still, it's important to have any bump on your foot checked out by a doctor — even if it's a small lump that's not bothering you.What does a ganglion cyst look like on side of foot? ›
The size may range from that of a pea to a golf ball. The cyst may appear round and be soft or very hard. Beneath the skin, a ganglion cyst looks like a balloon on a stalk, and it may move freely beneath the skin if a person pushes it.Should I be worried about a lump on my foot? ›
In most cases, a lump on top of the foot is nothing to worry, but any new growth should always be reviewed by your doctor. Common causes include a bone spur on top of the foot or a ganglion cyst.How do you treat a ganglion cyst on the side of your foot? ›
- Keep the joint from moving. Activity can cause a ganglion cyst to grow. So wearing a brace or splint to keep the joint still for a time might help. ...
- Drain the cyst. Draining the fluid from the cyst with a needle might help. ...
- Surgery. This may be a choice if other approaches don't work.
You should try ice packs, baking soda baths, and fever-reducing medication. Skin lumps caused by injury usually fade on their own as the swelling goes down. Applying an ice pack and elevating the area can reduce inflammation and ease pain.Why has a lump appeared on my foot? ›
If you have a lump on top of your foot, it may be due to a number of conditions including a bone spur, ganglion cyst, bursitis, gout, or sebaceous cyst. While many of these conditions can be left alone, some require treatment.What does a cancerous lump on the foot look like? ›
Aside from looking like a changing mole, a melanoma on the foot can appear as a: Brown or black vertical line under a toenail. Pinkish-red spot or growth. New spot or growth where you injured your foot.
How do you tell if a lump is a ganglion? ›
They're typically round or oval and are filled with a jellylike fluid. Ganglion cysts are lumps that most often appear along the tendons or joints of wrists or hands. They also can occur in ankles and feet. Ganglion cysts are typically round or oval and are filled with a jellylike fluid.Can you have a cyst on the side of your foot? ›
Ganglion cysts are among the most common benign soft-tissue masses. Although they most often occur on the wrist, they also frequently develop on the foot—usually on the top, but elsewhere as well. Ganglion cysts vary in size, may get smaller and larger and may even disappear completely, only to return later.What happens if a ganglion cyst is left untreated? ›
Ganglion cyst complications
If left untreated, complications can occur. The most common complication is infection. If the cyst fills with bacteria, it will become an abscess that could burst inside the body and lead to blood poisoning.
A ganglion cyst usually looks like a lump or bump on your wrist, finger or foot. This lump may look symmetrical (round) or misshapen (more like an oval). A ganglion cyst sits just below the skin's surface. It may look like a bubble blown from a joint.How do you tell if a lump is cancerous or not? ›
However, the only way to confirm whether a cyst or tumor is cancerous is to have it biopsied by your doctor. This involves surgically removing some or all of the lump. They'll look at the tissue from the cyst or tumor under a microscope to check for cancer cells.What is a pea sized lump on foot? ›
Ganglion cysts are among the most common benign soft-tissue masses. Although they most often occur on the wrist, they also frequently develop on the foot—usually on the top, but elsewhere as well. Ganglion cysts vary in size, may get smaller and larger and may even disappear completely, only to return later.